Thread Story by Aditi Bose

A blog where I share my patterns for different crochet and tatting projects
Crochet Basics

The Basics : Understanding my terms

March 28, 2017

Although I am in India, I learned crochet from the internet, and it seems that I learnt the stitches with the US terminology.

Most of my patterns will use abbreviations of these terms, so here’s a glossary for your ready reference.

Standard terms


ch: Chain : Slip Stitch

sc : Single Crochet

hdc : Half Double Crochet

dc : Double Crochet

tc : Treble Crochet

If you need help on the above stitches, this link has a great illustrated guide to basic crochet stitches

Uncommon terms

There are a few more stitches that I use that are not necessarily standard, but I use them quite often

htc : Half Treble Crochet

This is a mix between half double crochet & treble crochet, as the name suggests. Yarn over twice and insert into stitch, as with a treble crochet. Pull through the first two loops as usual. However, pull through the last three loops at one time, as you would with a half double crochet.

red2sc : Reduce 2 single crochet

I use this to decrease stitches with single crochet, most commonly with crochet balls or similar shapes. Insert into stitch and pull up a loop as you would with single crochet. Then insert into the next stitch and pull up another loop , to have a total of 3 loops on hook. Pull through all three loops to complete.  Hence you will have stitched through two stitches on the bottom row, but will only have one corresponding stitch on top.

The term can be applied as red3sc or red4sc , depending on how many stitches on the bottom row are being collapsed into one stitch on top, but the process is the same.

red2dc : Reduce 2 double crochet

Similar to red2sc, this is the double crochet version of decreasing stitches, most commonly with curved or wavy shapes. Yarn over, as with a double crochet, and insert into stitch. Pull up a loop, and pull through once( you should have two loops on the hook at this point). Then yarn over again and insert into next stitch. Pull up a loop and pull through once, so as to have three loops on the hook. Then pull through all three loops.

Pattern notations

Any pattern usually has several variations such as multiple stitches in a single stitch or repetition of the same combination multiple times. Here’s how I differentiate between the two.

<stitch>, <stitch>, <stitch>

When there is only one stitch type per bottom row stitch, I usually separate them with commas. For instance, the following pattern

sc, dc, sc

means that there’s a single crochet in the first stitch, a double crochet in the next stitch and another single crochet in the third stitch. A variation of this style is

sc, 2dc, sc

which means there’s a single crochet in the first stitch, TWO double crochets in the next stitch and another single crochet in the third stitch.

If there’s a pattern for


which is one single crochet in each stitch for the next 3 stitches, I will simplify this as

sc x3

Note that sc x3 means one single crochet per stitch for the next 3 stitches, but 3sc  means 3 single crochet in the same stitch

{<stitch>,<stitch>,<stitch>} in next stitch

If there is a combination of stitches in a single stitch, I usually club them with curly brackets. For example

{sc,dc,sc} in next stitch

means that you should do these three stitches in the same stitch.


[<stitch>, <stitch>] xN

Patterns in crochet often repeat sequences, especially when working in a circle. I denote a complete sequence in box brackets, with the xN denoting the number of times it should be repeated. For example,

[sc, dc] x3

This means you should do a single crochet in one stitch, followed by double crochet in the next stitch, three times, i.e. for a total of 6 stitches.

A variation of this could be

[sc, {hdc,ch1,hdc}, dc] x5

which would mean a sequence of one sc in a stitch, then a (hdc,ch1,hdc) all in the next stitch, and followed by one dc in the third stitch. This sequence is to be repeated by times for a total of 15 stitches.

To help you keep track, I usually add the total no of stitches in a row in regular brackets. So in the above example, it would be written as (15) at the end of the row.


These may seem a bit confusing, but between my videos and patterns, it shouldn’t be too confusing

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